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I have recently become a Quora addict, and you can see why it is such a great site. If possible say hello to me there at
My latest favorite question-
What are the most hilarious pie charts?
I am only showing you some of the answers, you can see the rest yourself.
THE IELTS is used for testing non native speakers to test if they understand English properly.
Imagine many Indian and Chinese smart engineers answering this question.
Writing Task 1 (a report)
Three pie charts about young Australians secondary school leavers in years 1980, 1990 and 2000. Each pie showed the proportion of school leavers that continued studying, were employed or unemployed. Write a report to a university lecturer describing the pie charts below.
- Top Ten Graphs for Business Analytics -Pie Charts (1/10) (decisionstats.com)
I have not been really posting or writing worthwhile on the website for some time, as I am still busy writing ” R for Business Analytics” which I hope to get out before year end. However while doing research for that, I came across many types of graphs and what struck me is the actual usage of some kinds of graphs is very different in business analytics as compared to statistical computing.
The criterion of top ten graphs is as follows-
1) Usage-The order in which they appear is not strictly in terms of desirability but actual frequency of usage. So a frequently used graph like box plot would be recommended above say a violin plot.
2) Adequacy- Data Visualization paradigms change over time- but the need for accurate conveying of maximum information in a minium space without overwhelming reader or misleading data perceptions.
3) Ease of creation- A simpler graph created by a single function is more preferrable to writing 4-5 lines of code to create an elaborate graph.
4) Aesthetics- Aesthetics is relative and in addition studies have shown visual perception varies across cultures and geographies. However , beauty is universally appreciated and a pretty graph is sometimes and often preferred over a not so pretty graph. Here being pretty is in both visual appeal without compromising perceptual inference from graphical analysis.
so When do we use a bar chart versus a line graph versus a pie chart? When is a mosaic plot more handy and when should histograms be used with density plots? The list tries to capture most of these practicalities.
Let me elaborate on some specific graphs-
1) Pie Chart- While Pie Chart is not really used much in stats computing, and indeed it is considered a misleading example of data visualization especially the skewed or two dimensional charts. However when it comes to evaluating market share at a particular instance, a pie chart is simple to understand. At the most two pie charts are needed for comparing two different snapshots, but three or more pie charts on same data at different points of time is definitely a bad case.
In R you can create piechart, by just using pie(dataset$variable)
As per official documentation, pie charts are not recommended at all.
Pie charts are a very bad way of displaying information. The eye is good at judging linear measures and bad at judging relative areas. A bar chart or dot chart is a preferable way of displaying this type of data.
Cleveland (1985), page 264: “Data that can be shown by pie charts always can be shown by a dot chart. This means that judgements of position along a common scale can be made instead of the less accurate angle judgements.” This statement is based on the empirical investigations of Cleveland and McGill as well as investigations by perceptual psychologists.
Despite this, pie charts are frequently used as an important metric they inevitably convey is market share. Market share remains an important analytical metric for business.
The pie3D( ) function in the plotrix package provides 3D exploded pie charts.An exploded pie chart remains a very commonly used (or misused) chart.
we see some rules for using Pie charts.
From the R Graph Gallery (a slightly outdated but still very comprehensive graphical repository)
par(bg="gray") pie(rep(1,24), col=rainbow(24), radius=0.9) title(main="Color Wheel", cex.main=1.4, font.main=3) title(xlab="(test)", cex.lab=0.8, font.lab=3) (Note adding a grey background is quite easy in the basic graphics device as well without using an advanced graphical package)
- Handling Small Data Percentages in a Microsoft Excel Pie Chart (brighthub.com)
- Pie-Packing by Mario Klingemann: More fascinating pie chart art (lovestats.wordpress.com)
A Summary report from Rexer Analytics Annual Survey
HIGHLIGHTS from the 4th Annual Data Miner Survey (2010):
• FIELDS & GOALS: Data miners work in a diverse set of fields. CRM / Marketing has been the #1 field in each of the past four years. Fittingly, “improving the understanding of customers”, “retaining customers” and other CRM goals are also the goals identified by the most data miners surveyed.
• ALGORITHMS: Decision trees, regression, and cluster analysis continue to form a triad of core algorithms for most data miners. However, a wide variety of algorithms are being used. This year, for the first time, the survey asked about Ensemble Models, and 22% of data miners report using them.
A third of data miners currently use text mining and another third plan to in the future.
• MODELS: About one-third of data miners typically build final models with 10 or fewer variables, while about 28% generally construct models with more than 45 variables.
• TOOLS: After a steady rise across the past few years, the open source data mining software R overtook other tools to become the tool used by more data miners (43%) than any other. STATISTICA, which has also been climbing in the rankings, is selected as the primary data mining tool by the most data miners (18%). Data miners report using an average of 4.6 software tools overall. STATISTICA, IBM SPSS Modeler, and R received the strongest satisfaction ratings in both 2010 and 2009.
• TECHNOLOGY: Data Mining most often occurs on a desktop or laptop computer, and frequently the data is stored locally. Model scoring typically happens using the same software used to develop models. STATISTICA users are more likely than other tool users to deploy models using PMML.
• CHALLENGES: As in previous years, dirty data, explaining data mining to others, and difficult access to data are the top challenges data miners face. This year data miners also shared best practices for overcoming these challenges. The best practices are available online.
• FUTURE: Data miners are optimistic about continued growth in the number of projects they will be conducting, and growth in data mining adoption is the number one “future trend” identified. There is room to improve: only 13% of data miners rate their company’s analytic capabilities as “excellent” and only 8% rate their data quality as “very strong”.
Please contact us if you have any questions about the attached report or this annual research program. The 5th Annual Data Miner Survey will be launching next month. We will email you an invitation to participate.
|My only thought- since most data miners are using multiple tools including free tools as well as paid software, Perhaps a pie chart of market share by revenue and volume would be handy.
Also some ideas on comparing diverse data mining projects by data size, or complexity.
- Skills of a good data miner (zyxo.wordpress.com)
- 7 Data Blogs To Explore (readwriteweb.com)
- FBI Data-Mining Program:Total Information Awareness (alitarhini.wordpress.com)