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Western countries are running out of people to fight their wars. This is even more acute given the traditional and current demographic trends in both armed forces and general populations.
A shift to cyber conflict can help the West maintain parity over Eastern methods of assymetrical warfare (by human attrition /cyber conflict).
Declining resources will lead to converging conflicts of interest and dynamics in balance of power in the 21 st century.
The launch of Sputnik by USSR led to the moon shot rush by the US.1960s
The proposed announcement of StarWars by USA led to unsustainable defence expenditure by USSR.1980s
The threat of cyber conflict and espionage by China (and Russian cyber actions in war with Georgia) has led to increasing budgets for cyber conflict research and defense in USA. -2010s
If we do not learn from history, we are condemned to repeat it.
Declining Populations in the West and Rising Populations in the East in the 21 st century. The difference in military age personnel would be even more severe, due to more rapid aging in the west.
Economic output will be proportional to number of people employed as economies reach similar stages of maturity (Factor-Manufacturing-Services-Innovation)
If you have a current offshore team in a different country/currency zone then you may find that the significant cost savings from outsourcing have vanished due to currency fluctuations that occur for reasons like earthquakes, war or oil- something which is outside the core competency of your business corporation. As off shoring companies incur cost in local currencies but gain revenue in American Dollars and Euro (mostly), they pass on these fluctuating costs to their customers but rarely pass along discounts on existing contracts. Sometimes the offshoring contract actually gains from currency fluctuations.The Indian rupee has fluctuated from 43.62 Rupees per USD (04-01-2005) to 48.58 (12-31-2008) to the current value of 44.65.This makes for a volatility component of almost 10 percentage points to the revenue and profit margins of an off shoring vendor. Inflation in India has been growing at 8.5 % and the annual increase in salaries has been around 10-15 % for the past few years. Offshoring vendors have been known to cut back on quality in recruitment when costs have risen historically, and the current attrition rate in Indian ITES is almost 17%.
- Tata Consultancy Rises to a Record After Profit Jumps (businessweek.com)
- India’s Outsourcing Revenue Buoyant, Says Nasscom (pcworld.com)
Use an analytical tool called common sense and think like the little guys.
1) Have a minimum core team of employees rather than over hire is your enthusiasm
2) pay them well…about 10 % above market rates.
3) give them appropriate designations :) not the ones they manage to haggle for
4) for fluctuating demand/work use sub contractors rather than hire employees /build huge empires of people…..(e.g A VP once told me proudly “I lead 500 people”…as if he was going to fight for Sparta)
5) employees who have periods of very less and sometimes hectic over activity..leave.
attrition is easier controlled in smaller teams, and a lot more work can be sub contracted at economic terms….
6) be flexible and nice to your people..
as long as they get the work done ,any time they want to come in should be fine as long as they meet deadlines…
7) use tele commuting,work from home , internet conferences etc ,it is safer and the IT industry uses it more than ITES. It also saves costs….
this will act as a substantial barrier to exit……
8) and find work,training ((skill enhancement etc),new developments to keep young people from getting bored..rather than quarterly off sites. Give them a quarterly cash amount than the offsite .
9) Use predictive attrition control, based on survey based attributes and rate employees in red,yellow,green. Focus on the reds, high attrition threats. Some companies are even coming up with a response model to predict attrition.
Boredom makes people quit faster than anything at least in Indian analytics that I have seen.
Keep em happy and they will return the favour